|Ashgate Research Companion to Military Ethics
|James turner Johnson ; Eric d. Patterson
|Type de document :
|Farnham [United Kingdom] : Ashgate, 2015
|Article en page(s) :
|XVII, 443 p.
|Justice, international law and global security
|Index. décimale :
|Military ethics ; Just war doctrine ; War--Moral and ethical aspects
This Companion provides scholars and graduates, serving and retired military professionals, members of the diplomatic and policy communities concerned with security affairs and legal professionals who deal with military law and with international law on armed conflicts, with a comprehensive and authoritative state-of-the-art review of current research in the area of military ethics.
Topics in this volume reflect both perennial and pressing contemporary issues in the ethics of the use of military force and are written by established professionals and respected commentators.
Subjects are organized by three major perspectives on the use of military force: the decision whether to use military force in a given context, the matter of right conduct in the use of such force, and ethical responsibilities beyond the end of an armed conflict. Treatment of issues in each of these sections takes account of both present-day moral challenges and new approaches to these and the historical tradition of just war.
Military ethics, as it has developed, has been a particularly Western concern and this volume reflects that reality. However, in a globalized world, awareness of similarities and differences between Western approaches and those of other major cultures is essential. For this reason the volume concludes with chapters on ethics and war in the Islamic, Chinese, and Indian traditions, with the aim of integrating reflection on these approaches into the broad consideration of military ethics provided by this volume.
Contents: General introduction: identifying and framing the issues, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson. Part I The Choice Whether to Use Military Force: Introduction to Part I, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson; The decision to use military force in classical just war thinking, Gregory M. Reichberg; The decision to use military force in recent moral argument, Daniel R. Brunstetter; Contemporary international law on the decision to use armed force, Davis Brown; The role of the military in the decision to use armed force, Martin L. Cook; Special problems I: the question of preemption, Mary Manjikian; Special problems II: the response to asymmetric warfare and terrorism, Keith Pavlischek; Special problems III: the question of using military force in the frame of the responsibility to protect, Luke Glanville; Special problems IV: questions posed by nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, Darell Cole. Part II Right Conduct in the Use of Military Force: Introduction to Part II, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson; Framing the issues in moral terms I: applying just war tradition, J. Daryl Charles; Framing the issues in moral terms II: the Kantian perspective on Jus in Bello, Brian Orend; Framing the issues in moral terms III: rights and right conduct, Robert E. Williams, Jr.; International humanitarian law, Howard M. Hensel; Boston to where: the challenges posed by local-global terrorism, Amos N. Guiora; Terrorism and ethics, Pauletta Otis; The bombing of dual-use targets, Paul Robinson; The ethics of autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles, James L. Cook; Targeted killing, Laurie R. Blank; Cyber warfare, George R. Lucas, Jr.; The moral equality of combatants, Henrik Syse; Treatment of prisoners and detainees, John Sawicki, CSSP; My country, right or wrong: if the cause is just, is anything allowed?, David Whetham; No job for a soldier? Military ethics in peacekeeping operations, Bård Mæland; Enforcing and strengthening noncombatant immunity, James Turner Johnson; Understanding proportionality in contemporary armed conflict, Paul Gilbert. Part III Ethics after a Conflict is Over: Introduction to Part III, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson; Security and political order: the ethics of who is in charge and enforcing the peace at war’s end, Eric D. Patterson; How should this conflict end? Implications of the end of an armed conflict for the decision to use military force and conduct in the use of such force, Timothy J. Demy; War crimes tribunals after armed conflict, Carla L. Reyes; Fostering reconciliation as a goal of military ethics, Nigel Biggar. Part IV Perspectives from Other Cultures: Introduction to Part IV, James Turner Johnson and Eric D. Patterson; Ethics in the Islamic tradition on war, John Kelsay; Chinese traditions on military ethics, Ping-cheung Lo; The Indian tradition, Torkel Brekke. Index.
About the Editor: James Turner Johnson is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Religion at Rutgers University-The State University of New Jersey (USA). Johnson is a former Guggenheim, Rockefeller, and National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, and also served for nine years as founding Co-Editor of the Journal of Military Ethics. He received his Ph.D. with distinction from Princeton University in 1968.
Eric D. Patterson is Dean and Professor of the Robertson School of Government at Regent University (Virginia Beach, Virginia) and Research Fellow at Georgetown University's Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, & World Affairs, where he previously served as Associate Director for four years. He has served as a White House Fellow, at the U.S. State Department, and 17 years as an Air National Guard officer.
Reviews: ‘This is an exceptional book: rich in content and highly relevant in a world where the ethics of military action grow ever more complex. I will have a copy on my shelf as soon as it is published and I will ensure that it is a key point of reference for the students I teach. I cannot recommend it highly enough.'
Peter Lee, University of Portsmouth and RAF College Cranwell, UK
‘This is an exquisite and provocative collection of contemporary thinking about military ethics. Besides distinguished academics, the editors also include writers with an authentic orientation towards military realities, something too often omitted in works of this type. Positively a “must have” volume for anyone interested in the indispensable role ethics play in modern conflicts.’
Maj. Gen. Charles J. Dunlap, Jr., USAF (Ret.), Duke Law School, USA
|172.42 JOH A
|Royal Military Academy
|Sciences du comportement